Statins could reduce the bypass complications, according to a new research published on January 12, in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery. Statins are used worldwide in order to reduce the high cholesterol. If taken before the bypass surgery, the risks that could result normally are majorly decreased.
The team of researchers from the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and the University of Florida found out that some statins like Lipitor and Zocor can decrease an unusual pattern of the heartbeat also called atrial fibrillation up to 58%, after the patient has undergone a coronary bypass graft. Also, if the people took statins before the surgery, the death risk decreased with 43%. According to one of the researchers, Dr. Islam Y. Elgendy, the irregular heartbeat that is a common side effect of the bypass surgery could be avoided for many patients.
In order to have accurate results, the researchers used the results of other 21 studies that were conducted by Medline, the latest study being from July 2015. The authors of the study believe that the statins have a major role in fighting the atrial fibrillation, even though they don’t understand how the anti-inflammatory drugs work exactly.
In order to perform a bypass surgery of the heart, doctors must use the blood vessels from one part of the body, in order to create a new way for the blood. This complicated surgery is mostly recommended to the people who have blocked or narrowed heart arteries. As the cardiac inflammation is extremely common after this surgery is done, doctors recommend that the patients should take statins two weeks before the surgery, in order to decrease substantially the inflammation risk.
Even though statins have many benefits if they are used properly, researchers have discovered that people rarely use them. One of the 21 studies that have been analyzed showed that before the bypass surgery, just 37% of the patients took the drug. According to Dr. Amr F. Barakat, other studies show that before the surgery, many patients stop from taking their medication. He said that awareness should be brought to the patients and to the doctors about the many benefits of the statins.
There are many doctors that believe that the statins could cause side effects like muscle damage or pain, but according to the researchers the chances of those side effects are very low and that there are more benefits of the statins anyway. The patients are advised to take statins before and after the bypass surgery. As it was found that statins could reduce the bypass complications, more studies will be done in order to see if statins have other unknown benefits.
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