Discussion about the effects of antibiotics has been going on lately. Researchers argue about the pros and cons of the drugs. However, they are also trying to solve the problem by offering alternatives to traditional antibiotics. A recent study documents a new protein that might be the key to this problem.
The researchers conducting the study focused on a new protein called peroxiredoxin. It was a challenging task for scientists, as they used complicated techniques, such as X-rays, to examine the protein. The X-rays analyses allowed the researchers to see minuscule details of their subject, such as the atomic structure.
Peroxiredoxin is an essential protein. What makes it so important is its’ function of eliminating toxins from the cells in the organisms. Peroxiredoxins are a part of plants, animals and bacteria organism.
Researchers also observed chemical reactions of the protein under the microscope. This showed to them that peroxiredoxin’s function against toxins only works when the protein can move. If it doesn’t move, the cells die, eventually.
The discovery is significant because researchers intend to use this new protein in order to improve antibiotics. They are worried because antibiotics seem to be losing their efficiency against certain types of viruses. If scientists succeed in developing a new formula for antibiotics, containing peroxiredoxin, they will make a new step in the domain of treatment and cures.
Arden Perkins was the leader of the research team. The study is based on X-ray crystallography research, which allowed scientists to see clear images of the protein and its active functions and related processes.
As far as the improvement with antibiotics is concerned, researchers already know what they have to do next. They are thinking about using the peroxiredoxin’s function of fighting against toxins. They intend to restrict its mobility in such a way that the new protein should fight against viruses. This means that what scientists are going to is to alter the protein’s feature in order to obtain a more efficient drug.
Several studies have been conducted on antibiotics too. Some of the recent research suggest that the drugs have damaging effects on children’s health. Scientists investigated the possibilities of the medication to trigger asthma or obesity in children. Some of the researchers also suggest that children aged less than twelve months shouldn’t be administered antibiotics, as they may develop food allergies when they grow up.
The paper on the new protein and its relation to antibiotics was published in the journal Structure.
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