Current efforts and pledges by world nations to reduce carbon emissions, are not enough to keep us from experiencing very dangerous temperatures in the near future.
In fact current pledges will only delay the world from passing the threshold for dangerous global warming by only a few years, meaning the year 2036.
Currently the U.N. efforts on climate change revolve around keeping the average world temperatures at a maximum increase of 2°C over the Earth’s pre-industrial Age.
This is not a satisfying target for all U.N. countries, especially 3rd-world nations which depend on agricultural production to maintain their economies.
Recent climate related events have generated the need for more studies. The results were not that optimistic. Even with the 2°C threshold, weather associated catastrophes are occurring at a growing rate.
Some members are hoping for a reduction of the current 2°C point to an acceptable increase in temperature of only 1.5°C . Many developing nations consider that if urgent measures are not taken, their economies might receive blows due to extreme climate events such as floods, storms or drought.
The U.N Framework Convention on Climate Change is established in Bonn, Germany. Discussions now focus on the possibility that with current pledges to reduce carbon emissions not even the U.N. current target of 2 degrees Celsius is obtainable.
Almost 150 nations have not pledged their commitment to clear greenhouse reduction measures yet. Some of the greatest polluters in the world, the likes of China and India, are closely observed in the hope they will take necessary measures.
The U.N. IPCC states that in order to maintain a maximum of 2°C rise in temperature over pre-industrial numbers, 40 to 70 percent of annual greenhouse gases have to be cut until 2050.
While the U.N. is trying to gather pledges, many voices blame the organization for bureaucratically stagnating the adoption of harsh penalties on nations which do not take immediate CO2 reduction measures.
In order to sustain vast reduction of carbon and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere technological development has to be pushed to the front. Electrically powered transportation, as well as sustainable and environmentally safe technologies are required for the energy generation.
Not long ago, one of the greatest pollution producing countries, China, has approved the spending of 120 billion American dollars just in Beijing in order to reduce smog and pollution.
Other nations are expected to approve massive spending in order to fight a worsening of climate change effects. The main problem is that while the richest economies can maintain the costs needed for such measure, developing countries might not afford them.
Image Source: motherearthnews.com