The United States urgently need blood donations. Unfortunately, the number of donors has dropped off recently, leading to a crisis in the medical field.
The United Blood Services issued an urgent appeal for donors of all types. The statistics showed that the reserves of blood were depleted to 42 percent before the average level, meaning that there was a supply of only 1.5 days.
Each donation takes from 24 to 36 hours of testing and processing until the blood is sent by the United Blood Services to hospitals. As previously mentioned, all types of blood are needed, especially Type O. Some 60 hospitals in the United States have no supplies of Type O blood.
As experts underlined, in the worst case scenario of an emergency there is no time to check for the blood type of the patient. Therefore, Type O blood is used to keep the victim alive until he or she is stabilized. According to the last survey, 6 percent of the United States population has O-Negative blood, but every patient can receive a transfusion of this blood type.
Furthermore, the data from the United Blood Services showed that around 12-14 percent of all red blood cell transfusions in Arizona consist in O-Negative blood.
Nevertheless, the most common type of blood transfusion is O-Positive. Around 37 percent of the United States population was established to have O-Positive blood. However, just 85 percent of patients can receive a transfusion with this blood type.
Plus, O-Positive blood consists of 42 percent of all red blood cell transfusions in Arizona. United Blood Services is a nonprofit organization and a community blood provider which contributes to 100 percent of all transfusion supplies for all hospitals in 11 of 15 counties in Arizona.
Unfortunately, Arizona hospitals need around 500 blood donors every day to assure the transfusion supplies for every patient. According to Audrey Jennings, district director of field operations for United Blood Services Arizona, the situation is even worse as throughout the United States there is a person at every 3 seconds who needs a blood transfusion.
The good news is that World Blood Donor Day will take place this Tuesday. The American Red Cross and other partners hope to raise awareness regarding the critical situation of blood donations throughout the US. Plus, all people who want to bring their contribution to this initiative are invited to attend this event.