While some researchers still try to figure out whether global warming is real, others try to come up with solutions. A special meeting was held last week in the United Kingdom, and the aim of the participants was to suggest proper solutions for climate change. The phenomenon seems to be interfering with the initial plans of specialists.
The most recent meeting of experts was held in Oxford. More than two hundred scientists and specialists attended. The discussions pointed out that they had to change their previously set plans, on which approximately two hundred nations had agreed.
The initial strategy was to prevent climate change from advancing as much as possible. In order to reach this goal, specialists decided to prevent temperatures from rising more than by two degrees Celsius. However, recent statistics showed that their attempt failed, as Earth reached a higher temperature by 2.7 degrees.
The recently proposed solutions for climate change still imply actions to decrease carbon emissions in the atmosphere. However, this time, the organizations and specialists set themselves a lower goal, with it that of 1.5 degrees.
Officials from international organizations believe that rich, powerful states should help those that are less developed than them. They think that the phenomenon is clearly advancing and that people should be prepared not only for preventing it, but also for dealing with the effects.
When it comes to environmental issues, one of the most influential organizations is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Officials of the organization requested a report from specialists meant to show the effects of global warming provided that temperatures increased by 1.5 degrees Celsius. Researchers must complete the new study by 2018.
Experts also thought about the consequences of global warming on a long term. The melting of the ice in the Arctic has already begun and will continue. The warming of the oceans’ waters is already a fact. Specialists are concerned about the possibility of drinking water becoming unavailable in the future, as severe droughts could be expected.
As far as the social effects of climate change are concerned, there is a high risk of poverty. Authorities are also concerned about national security issues, as the tensions between states might get more intensified.
Officials predict that global warming will advance. At the same time, they hope that their strategies and solutions for climate change will make a difference.
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