According to the latest discoveries that were made in an Israeli cave, prehistoric humans ate roasted tortoise for dinner. After carefully analyzing the fossilized remains, the researchers discovered that the prehistoric men used to eat the tortoises roasted in their own shells.
An archeologist from the University of Tel Aviv, Ran Barkai, was leading a research team that explored a cave in Israel. Inside the cave, they found bones and shells belonging to tortoises. The dating methods used by the scientists established that the fossilized remains were around 400000 years old.
The human population that lived at that time consisted of hunter-gatherers, a primitive man which relied on hunted animals and wild vegetation in order to stay alive.
The fossilized bones and shells found in the Qessem cave in Israel showed marks of instruments similar to flint knives. The scratches pointed to the fact that the tortoises were probably cracked open inside their shells. Probably the primitive humans were trying to spread the meat in the carcass so it would cook evenly. The remains also showed definite marks of fire processing.
According to Barkai, the tortoise meat was most probably a supplement, a side dish or an appetizer that joined the fat and meat collected from large animals. It seems that even in prehistoric times the humans were putting a lot of stress on a diversified meal.
The Qessem cave in Israel was discovered in 2000 during some routine road work. Scientists believe that the cave was inhabited for approximately 200,000 years. The archeological site has ever since offered plenty of scientific data to the researchers, being a prodigious source of research papers for a variety of fields.
Additional bones found scattered in the cave suggests that primitive humans ate more than roasted tortoise for dinner, but also wild ox, fallow deer and horses.
A plaque belonging to one of the early humans also suggests that the prehistoric humans weren’t just eating processed meat, but they also had a steady plant-based diet.
A couple of days ago a team of Australian researchers published a study that linked the early human population to the disappearance of a giant bird, the Genyornis newtoni. The researchers found the burnt remains of the bird’s eggs, the fossils suggesting that their diet included, among other members of the megafauna, a healthy omelet.
Prehistoric humans are the reason behind many megafauna extinctions and it seems that every day new evidence uncovers their diverse culinary preferences as the latest ones suggest that prehistoric humans ate roasted tortoise for dinner.
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