Starting from the 26th of May, the Norwegian government announced that deforestation would be prohibited. By doing this, Norway became the first country in history ever to issue such a law.
Furthermore, the officials promised that products which led to the loss of forestry would be no longer manufactured. All of these decisions were based on Action Plan on Nature Diversity recommendation released by the country’s Standing Committee on Energy and Environment.
However, all of these achievements were possible thanks to the efforts of Rainforest Foundation Norway. According to Nils Hermann Ranum, head of the Rainforest Foundation Norway campaign and policy, this outcome took time and patience, as many companies promised over the last few years to stop the manufacture of goods associated with rainforest deforestation.
This initiative has opened the way for many other countries to bring their contribution to support the rainforest. UK and Germany are rumored to be the next European powers that will adopt this political and ecological perspective as they have already become part of a United Nations Climate Summit joint declaration from September 2014.
Furthermore, all countries that attended the summit made a vow that they will encourage this zero deforestation initiative. In addition to this, many laws and regulations will be issued in order to ensure that every country to procure its own ratio of timber, palm oil, beef, and soy.
What makes Norway’s action so necessary, is that the reality of deforestation is very harsh. A previous survey from 200o to 2011 showed that around 40 percent of total tropical deforestation was caused by beef, soy, oil, palm and wood products from just seven countries, such as Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Malaysia.
Worse, these countries suffer the highest level of deforestation and represent one of the primary sources of carbon emissions (44 percent). The emissions are caused by high industrial activities and human ignorance.
Besides UK and Germany, India has already taken active measures by having a $6.2 billion investment plan to support the development of new forests. Furthermore, an impressive amount of $214 million were invested in Brazil and Tanzania by Norway in one of the most important programs, known as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD).
Hopefully, every country will bring their contribution to the zero deforestation programs in the future.