Astronomers have important news for the scientific community. They have recently discovered a new dwarf planet, and it is not the so-called “Planet Nine.” The celestial body remain hidden for millions of years and it is one of the most distant objects in our solar system. However, modern technology could track it and reveal its presence.
A team of researchers in Michigan made the massive discovery. They named the new dwarf planet 2014 UZ224. Professor David Gerdes was the leader on the team, and he led the investigation gradually. He asked his students to observe the night sky and to search for distant or unidentified objects.
The discovery of the new dwarf planet was no easy task. It took several sights in order to confirm its existence and the process took its time too. The scientists explain that the planet being located so far away from us and having such small sizes made it hard to spot.
For the time being, researchers provided us with some information on the recently found planet. It has small sizes even for a dwarf planet, and it is even smaller than Pluto. When comparing it to 2014 UZ224, the researchers observed that the new dwarf planet need approximately one thousand one hundred years to complete its rotation around the Sun. On the other hand, Pluto only needs less than two hundred fifty years to orbit the Sun.
The new dwarf planet is located at the periphery of our solar system. The objects located there are studied less than those in the proximity of the Earth. Specialists believe that in-depth analyses of such objects could provide crucial information on the evolution of the whole solar system.
Some voices could claim that 2014 UZ224 is too small to be considered a planet. However, the researchers who made the discovery rely on the rules set by the International Astronomical Union when stating it. They impose some features by which a celestial body could be qualified as a dwarf planet. They go as follows:
“A “dwarf planet” is a celestial body that (a) is in orbit around the Sun, (b) has sufficient mass for its self-gravity to overcome rigid body forces so that it assumes a hydrostatic equilibrium (nearly round) shape, (c) has not cleared the neighborhood around its orbit, and (d) is not a satellite. “
If modern technology made possible the discovery of 2014 UZ224, scientists are confident about the upcoming confirmation of mysterious “Planet Nine.”
Image courtesy of: Wikipedia