The Large Hadron Collider will start again next month with renewed power and will open up new realms of physics and possibly a glimpse into the so called “dark matter” coupled with an equally mysterious dark energy force which dominate the universe.
The Dark Matter is named thus because it neither emits nor absorb light or any other electromagnetic radiation. The presence of dark matter cans only be inferred by how its gravity affects stars, galaxies, dust and other visible matter.
Scientists calculate that visible matter only accounts for 5% of the universe. The rest is dark matter and a repulsive force known as dark energy which is accelerating the universe’s expansion.
Scientists calculate that ordinary, visible matter accounts for about 5 percent of the universe. The rest is dark matter and a repulsive force called dark energy, which is accelerating the universe’s expansion.
Physicist Michael Williams, with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, told Discovery News, “What we know about dark matter is that it exists, and then very little after that. It would be nice if we could start to understand what dark matter is and how it affects the galaxy and the evolution of the universe, but just opening the door in particle physics to whatever is on the other side … would be stepping into the unknown, which is exciting.”
Europe’s CERN particle physics laboratory near Geneva, home to the Large Hadron Collider, or LHC is described as a promising doorway into a new frontier in physics.
Researchers in 2012 had discovered a new sub atomic particle, the Higgs boson by using the most powerful atom smasher in the world. For their exploits, two scientists were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in physics
After a two year hiatus and a upgrade which more than doubled the power of the LHC, it is now ready to answer other fundamental questions like providing proof of other versions of Higgs boson as well as the hypothetical subatomic partners of quarks, leptons and other members of physic’s standard family.