Scientists have recently discovered an enigmatic lake at 3,300 feet below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico, and they called it the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair.’ This lake was discovered in 2014 when a group of researchers conducted an expedition using an underwater robot, known as ‘Hercules.’
In 2015, experts tried to take a closer look at the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair’ using a three-person submarine, called Alvin, specially designed for underwater research. Based on the findings, it seems that this lake is filled with bacteria living mat and massive salt deposits.
The lake is, in fact, a large circular pool around 12-feet deep and with a circumference of around 100 feet. According to Erik Cordes, biology associate professor from the Temple University, the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair’ is probably one of the biggest mysteries of the marine world.
Cordes is also one of the researchers who participated in the expedition conducted last year. He confessed that the study was an unforgettable experience because he and his team witnessed something unique at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico.
After gathering some samples, scientists found out that the pool’s water is up to five times saltier than the ocean’s water. Any fish or other marine creatures, which entered in the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair,’ instantly died.
Also, its water temperature is warmer than the ocean’s water, around 65 degrees Fahrenheit, more than one-third higher than the average temperature of 39 degrees Fahrenheit. Due to these factors, this pool seems to attract many crustaceans.
Scientists found many carcasses of sea crabs and other marine creatures in the brine. The team concluded that only some bacteria and a few highly-adaptable marine animals could survive in the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair.’
This pool’s toxicity is caused by the mix of hydrogen sulfide and methane gas. For instance, the giant mussel is one of the few creatures which can live in this highly toxic pool because it has symbiotic bacteria which live in its gills.
With the help of these bacteria, the giant mussel can feed off the methane gas and hydrogen sulfide in the ‘Jacuzzi of Death.’ Scientists also observed some unusual shrimps and tube worms living in the pool.
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