As January is the month that brings the most awareness to women of the cervical cancer, here is some advice on how to prevent cervical cancer. In the last 30 years, the deaths caused by cervical cancer have decreased with 50%, mostly because there are now more tests that can detect it early. Even though these tests are done often, the cervical cancer is still a threat to many women worldwide. In 2015 only, approximately 4,000 women died because of it and 13,000 were diagnosed with cervical cancer.
This type of cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus, which is more commonly known as HPV. According to statistics, more than 50% of the people who are sexually active are infected by it at some point. The biggest issue is that most of the people infected don’t show any symptoms and if the virus doesn’t go away, it can sometimes result in cancer for men and women as well.
One of the best ways to prevent the development of cervical cancer is to get vaccinations for HPV. According to the doctors, these vaccinations can be done for people with ages varying between 11 years old and 26 years old. CDC(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) suggests that the best time to get vaccinated against HPV is between 11 years old and 12 years old. They should get three doses of the vaccine during a six month period. This is the best form of prevention, as these ages, the kids are not yet sexually active. Even though the teenagers and the young adults are sexually active, they should still get vaccinated.
Another effective method of making sure that the cancer doesn’t develop consists in regular screenings. The American Cancer Society guidelines suggest that at 21 years old, all women should start doing the Pap test. This test is usually done at a pelvic examination, and a sample of cells is being taken form the cervix in order to see if any changes occurred. The screenings are recommended to be done every three years. The Pap test is one of the most efficient and highly used method of detecting the cervical cancer. The test can also detect the abnormalities and the infections that occurred in the endometrium and in the endocervix.
Because the immune systems of the teenagers and of the young adults often clears the virus, most of the cervical cancer patients are middle aged women. As the women pass 30 years old, they are highly recommended to be tested of HPV. These methods on how to prevent cervical cancer are the most used methods, so keep in mind that a simple testing can save your life.
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