A new study conducted by researchers from the University of Oxford concluded that heart disease could be prevented with lowering pressure medicine. The results of the study published in The Lancet could save millions of lives, considering the fact that 9,4 million people die of heart related diseases every year. More than 1 billion people’s hearts are affected around the world. Cardiologists say that the medicine should be administered to people whose stroke or heart attack risk is high, no matter what their blood pressure is when they start the treatment.
The study involved more than 600,000 people, whose blood pressure was compared from 1966 to 2015. After 123 experiments were done, researchers found out that not only did the medicine reduce the blood pressure of the patients, but it also reduced the risk of heart failure, stroke and death.
They discovered that a decrease of 10 mmHg of the blood pressure was linked to a decreased risk of death from any disease by 13%. The risks of heart failure and stroke decreased with 15% and the risk of heart disease or other cardiovascular events with 0,2%. The cardiologists say that their research shows that if the high blood pressure is reduced, then heart risks are reduced as well. It seems that people who had high blood pressure in the beginning had the same heart risk decrease as the people who had low blood pressure. One of the researchers said that if the treatment would be implemented and the people would be made aware of the medicine’s benefits, then millions of lives could be saved.
The main author of the research, Kazem Rahimi suggests that the recommendations for the use of the medicine should be changed, as it no longer helps cure just one disease. The European Society of Hypertension and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommend the medicine when the young reach 130/85 mmHg, and the old 150/90 mmHg. She recommends the medicine though to everyone who is at risk of having a stroke or a heart attack, no matter the reason behind their risk.
One in three Americans adults is affected by high blood pressure. This disease increases the chances of stroke and heart disease, which are two of the most common reasons for death in America, killing approximately 600,000 people every year. According to the Disease Control and Prevention Centers, almost 1,000 people die every day because of heart problems.
As heart disease could be prevented with lowering pressure medicine, not everyone should take it. The medicine is expensive and it is efficient only if you are at high risk of a cardiovascular event.
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