In Guinea, Ebola has spread for two years, killed 2,500 people but now, after 42 days have passed without any sign of it, Guinea is finally Ebola free. According to experts, it takes 42 days for a place to be declared virus-free. The last person known to have been struck by Ebola was a 21 days old girl, in November.
Ebola is a viral hemorrhagic fever, caused by the Ebola virus. Symptoms of Ebola include fever, muscular pain, headaches, vomiting, diarrhea and rash. In the last stages, the function of liver and kidneys starts decreasing and some people bleed internally and externally as well. The disease has a high death risk, with 50% of the infected usually dying.
Susan Michaels-Strasser, a professor and nurse who has been treating Ebola in Liberia said that the news was worthy of celebration. She also said that the disease didn’t come out of nowhere, and that there were signs that were ignored by the authorities. On Wednesday, the government officials will make the official declaration that the country has won the fight against the deadly virus.
Two years ago, a Guinea inhabitant got the virus, which spread extremely quickly across the borders in the near-by countries and even to the United States. More than 11,000 people were killed by the virus in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, according to the World Health Organization. The first patient whose infection led to death was a 2 years old boy, in December 13. Transmitted from person to person, Ebola killed more than 2,500 people just in Guinea.
The virus was hard to control because the country had a poor health system. Also, because the outbreak started in the rural regions it was not visible for many persons for a period of time that, even though was short, was fatal to a lot of people.
A drug was created to fight Ebola, called Zmapp and was used on the infected American doctors and nurses and later was used on patients from the West Africa countries. The benefits of the experimental medicine are still unknown. According to Doctor Joel Selaninkio, who treated Ebola patients in Sierra Leone, the virus was finally controlled because people were made aware of how the virus transmitted. So healthy people were kept separately from the infected ones.
The country wasn’t affected just by the death of thousands of people. Experts reported that until 2017, the country would lose $3,9 billion every year because of lack of foreign investments and trade. Other consequences include the 74,000 people who had malaria and remained untreated last year in Guinea.
The virus spread was stopped with the help of a lot of resources. In order to help Guinea in those times of great need, The World Bank donated $250 million to the poor country. Although Guinea is finally Ebola free, there are still risks that the virus will reappear.
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