Climate researchers have come to the conclusion that more extreme storms will hit the United States by the end of this century. More precisely, these heavy downpours will be five times more frequent than they are today causing mudslides, flash floods and destroying crops.
The group of experts from the National Center for Atmospheric Research underline that people must get ready to face these catastrophic weather events, especially because many local communities are not well prepared to deal with extreme storms.
The climate researchers explain that climate change is the primary factor influencing the occurrence of these downpours. More precisely, the rising temperatures will cause the air to become moister and warmer, thus facilitating the formation of storm clouds.
According to Andreas Prein, lead author of the study, usually one heavy thunderstorm occurs every season. However, the findings have revealed that some areas of the country will be hit in the future by at least five such storms in just one season, each of them as intense or even more intense than current thunderstorms.
He further adds that extreme storms have become more prevalent in all areas of the United States and they will further increase due to the warming temperatures. In other words, climate change will be responsible for many flash floods from now on.
The group of experts used a computer model during their research, relying on recent data about weather and climate to establish how much median temperatures will increase. Based on the results, the average temperatures are expected to rise by minimum 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit or three degrees Celsius by 2100.
In addition to this, climate researchers say that 2016 has been the warmest year since the 19th century. The experts explain that when the air becomes hotter, it can hold much more water vapor.
As such, heavier storms will be the result of heavy wet air. The scientists say that extreme storms cause debris flows, landslides, and flash floods in many local communities across the United States.
They further say that hourly heavy precipitation events will substantially increase in every North American land region by approximately 400 percent. Also, other areas will become drier before getting hit by the extreme storms.
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