A new study has focused on the early diagnosis of autism. Despite the fact that this condition can be hard to diagnose, researchers have found a way to detect it sooner. The researchers mentioned that there might be a way to predict autism.
The research team that conducted the study said that the brain changes infants experience can predict autism. They said that this condition can be detected before kids turn two. In order to detect this condition, researchers took brain imaging scans of infants.
These brain scans were taken when the infants were 6 months, 1, and 2 years old. These scans showed larger brain changes in those who would meet the criteria for this disease. The symptoms of autism consist of not making eye contact, development delays, and delayed speech.
Researchers observed that infants who were diagnosed with autism displayed significant growth in brain volume in the first year of life. The scientists also discovered that these infants had more brain changes compared to other infants.
The team of researchers who conducted this study mentioned that this research is still experimental. This means that they need to make more tests before they can use brain scans as a way to detect autism.
Despite the fact that it is experimental, the research could help specialists detect autism early, even before the appearance of any symptoms. This study was conducted only on infants that had a high risk of developing this condition. This means that it might not be as effective in predicting autism in healthy infants that have no risk of developing autism.
If this condition is detected early kids can benefit from treatment or behavioral intervention earlier. The sooner they receive the treatment, the better they will develop. This means that these kids will have better social skills compared to those who were diagnosed when they were 5 or 6 years old.
“If we can target interventions before autism appears and before the brain changes appear, during a time when the brain is highly malleable or plastic, we can have a bigger impact on the outcome,”
said Joseph Piven, author of the study.
What is your opinion about this study? Do you think that brain changes can predict autism?
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