Researchers seem to be hard at work, as another European ancestor was discovered. Our ancient history lacks much information compared to the more recent one, and each finding has immense value. To three categories of tribes discovered in the past, a fourth one is being added after a discovery in Georgia.
Scientists have found a 13,000 year old bone belonging to a hunter-gatherer in a cave in Georgia. This will influence the information we currently have about human genetics in the northern and central parts of Europe.
Studies conducted in the DNA field have revealed that European come from three tribes. The oldest one belongs to the hunter-gatherers who walked the Earth about 40,000 years ago. The second one includes the farmers who came 7,000 years ago from the Middle East. The last tribe was the one of herders who came from the region now belonging to Russia and Ukraine 5,000 years ago. They are called Yamnaya.
More recent studies however confirm something that was previously suspected. The last tribe seems to actually be a combination of two other tribes, fact proven by the DNA collected from hunter-gatherers who lived around 10,000 years ago. The results of the study were published by Nature Communications.
But how was this tribe formed? An ancient tribe of hunter-gatherers met with another one of Caucasus hunters. The end of the Ice Age that took place about 10,000 years ago permitted humans to travel long distances and so the Yamnaya population came into existence.
You might have noticed the word “Caucasus” which also names the race of white people – Caucasians. The name comes from the mountain range that separates the Black Sea from the Caspian Sea, also the area connecting three continents: Europe, Africa and Asia.
Another conclusion of the research was that all people basically have the same ancestor, who immigrated from Africa to the other continents. A University of Leicester geneticist, Daniel Zadik, summed it up quite nicely, by saying the we are all Africans, Native Americans, Asians, Slavs, Romans, Vikings and Huns.
After another European ancestor was discovered, Georgian National Museum Director David Lordkipanidze mentioned that this is only the beginning of a sequence. We can expect more information to be released about the collections of fossils. As crucial pieces of our history are being uncovered, we can only hold our breath to find out more about our evolution.
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